• Tesla Model S the most popular EV in only 7 of the states with the highest share of EV sales, Nissan LEAF is the most popular in the remaining 18 - including California
  • Nationally, Tesla Model S has the second-highest share of used EV sales at 17.8%, while Nissan LEAF has the highest share at 27.7%
  • Illinois has the highest share of Tesla Model S at 33.8%, while Minnesota has the lowest at 5.2%
  • In California Tesla Model S accounts for 15.1% of used EV sales, which is below the 17.8 percent national average
The Tesla Model 3 is the most popular used electric vehicle in 22 of the 25 states with the largest share of EVs, according to a study by car search engine iSeeCars.com. 

To determine the most popular used EVs in each state, iSeeCars analyzed over 200,000 used EV sales from a sample of over 18 million used car sales in 2023.

Most Popular Used EV by State

Out of the 25 states with the highest share of used electric car sales, the Nissan LEAF is the most popular used EV in the top seven states, as well as 18 states overall.

Most Popular Used EV in the Top 25 States with the Highest EV Share (iSeeCars Study)
State (By Total EV Share) Most Popular Used EV % EV Share
California Tesla Model 3 33.6%
Washington Tesla Model 3 22.3%
Oregon Tesla Model 3 23.0%
Nevada Tesla Model 3 27.0%
Arizona Tesla Model 3 24.5%
Colorado Tesla Model 3 17.4%
Utah Tesla Model 3 22.9%
Hawaii Nissan LEAF 33.1%
Maryland Tesla Model 3 26.8%
Massachusetts Tesla Model Y 33.6%
Virginia Tesla Model 3 30.7%
Illinois Tesla Model 3 23.1%
Georgia Tesla Model 3 29.7%
Florida Tesla Model 3 29.4%
New Jersey Tesla Model 3 26.1%
Vermont Nissan LEAF 32.9%
Minnesota Tesla Model 3 26.7%
Texas Tesla Model 3 29.9%
Connecticut Tesla Model 3 14.7%
North Carolina Tesla Model 3 26.5%
New York Tesla Model 3 23.1%
Missouri Tesla Model 3 23.5%
Pennsylvania Tesla Model 3 24.1%
Delaware Tesla Model 3 29.5%
New Hampshire Tesla Model 3 13.2%
The Tesla Model 3 dominates as the most popular used electric vehicle in 22 of the top 25 states for electric vehicle sales.

California is the state with the highest share of used Tesla Model 3 vehicles at 33.6 percent, while Hawaii is the state with the highest share of used Nissan LEAFs at 33.1 percent. “Hawaiian utilities offer $10,000 rebates on new Nissan LEAFs, so the popularity of these vehicles among drivers extends to the used market as well,” said Brauer. “Additionally, Hawaii generally has the highest gas prices in the country, so car shoppers have the added incentive to purchase electric vehicles.”

Top Three Used Electric Vehicles by State

iSeeCars further analyzed the data to determine the top three used EVs in the top 25 states with the most EV sales.

Top 3 Most Popular Used EVs in the Top 25 States with the Highest EV Share (iSeeCars Study)
State (A-Z) #1 Used EV % EV Share #2 Used EV % EV Share #3 Used EV % EV Share
Arizona 1 Tesla Model 3 24.5% Tesla Model S 9.6% Tesla Model Y
California 1 Tesla Model 3 33.6% Tesla Model S 9.1% Tesla Model Y
Colorado 1 Tesla Model 3 17.4% Tesla Model Y 17.0% Nissan LEAF
Connecticut 1 Tesla Model 3 14.7% Chevrolet Bolt EV 11.9% Tesla Model S
Delaware 1 Tesla Model 3 29.5% Tesla Model Y 9.1% Chevrolet Bolt EV
Florida 1 Tesla Model 3 29.4% Tesla Model Y 9.5% Tesla Model X
Georgia 1 Tesla Model 3 29.7% Tesla Model S 12.8% Tesla Model Y
Hawaii 1 Nissan LEAF 33.1% Tesla Model 3 19.3% Tesla Model Y
Illinois 1 Tesla Model 3 23.1% Tesla Model S 11.7% Tesla Model Y
Maryland 1 Tesla Model 3 26.8% Tesla Model Y 12.2% Tesla Model S
Massachusetts 1 Tesla Model Y 33.6% Tesla Model 3 16.9% Nissan LEAF
Minnesota 1 Tesla Model 3 26.7% Chevrolet Bolt EV 11.5% Nissan LEAF
Missouri 1 Tesla Model 3 23.5% Tesla Model Y 10.0% Chevrolet Bolt EV
Nevada 1 Tesla Model 3 27.0% Tesla Model Y 11.6% Tesla Model S
New Hampshire 1 Tesla Model 3 13.2% Chevrolet Bolt EV 10.7% Nissan LEAF
New Jersey 1 Tesla Model 3 26.1% Tesla Model Y 12.7% Tesla Model S
New York 1 Tesla Model 3 23.1% Tesla Model Y 10.8% Chevrolet Bolt EV
North Carolina 1 Tesla Model 3 26.5% Tesla Model Y 10.8% Tesla Model S
Oregon 1 Tesla Model 3 23.0% Nissan LEAF 13.4% Chevrolet Bolt EV
Pennsylvania 1 Tesla Model 3 24.1% Nissan LEAF 8.6% Tesla Model S
Texas 1 Tesla Model 3 29.9% Tesla Model Y 11.2% Tesla Model S
Utah 1 Tesla Model 3 22.9% Chevrolet Bolt EV 12.5% Tesla Model Y
Vermont 1 Nissan LEAF 32.9% Chevrolet Bolt EV 30.0% Tesla Model 3
Virginia 1 Tesla Model 3 30.7% Tesla Model S 10.4% Tesla Model Y
Washington 1 Tesla Model 3 22.3% Nissan LEAF 17.6% Chevrolet Bolt EV
While the Tesla Model 3 dominates as the top used EV in 22 states, the second-most popular used EV is the Tesla Model Y in 9 states. Additionally, Massachusetts is the only state to have the Tesla Model Y as its most popular used electric vehicle. 

Top 10 Used Electric Vehicles 

iSeeCars also analyzed which used electric vehicles overall are the most popular and found that ten electric vehicles comprise over 90 percent of the used EV market. 

Top 10 Used Electric Vehicles by Market Share
Rank Model Share of Electric Overall
1 Tesla Model 3 27.2%
2 Tesla Model Y 9.7%
3 Tesla Model S 8.7%
4 Nissan LEAF 7.4%
5 Chevrolet Bolt EV 6.7%
6 Tesla Model X 5.9%
7 Ford Mustang Mach-E 3.9%
8 Audi e-tron 2.3%
9 Polestar 2 2.2%
10 Porsche Taycan 2.1%
Ranked second behind the Tesla Model 3 is the Model Y, while the Tesla Model S ranks third. 

The two most popular non-Tesla vehicles are the fourth-ranked Nissan LEAF and the fifth-ranked Chevrolet Bolt EV. 

Most Popular Used EVs by Metro Area

iSeeCars determined the most popular used electric vehicle in the 50 most populous metro areas. 

Most Popular Used EV in the Top 50 Most Populous Metro Areas
Metro Area #1 Used EV % EV Share
Albuquerque-Santa Fe, NM Tesla Model 3 22.1%
Atlanta, GA Tesla Model 3 30.2%
Austin, TX Tesla Model 3 33.1%
Baltimore, MD Tesla Model 3 26.7%
Birmingham, AL Tesla Model 3 23.0%
Boston, MA-Manchester, NH Tesla Model Y 34.2%
Charlotte, NC Tesla Model 3 28.8%
Chicago, IL Tesla Model 3 24.5%
Cincinnati, OH Tesla Model 3 23.9%
Cleveland-Akron (Canton), OH Tesla Model 3 20.4%
Columbus, OH Tesla Model 3 26.7%
Dallas-Ft. Worth, TX Tesla Model 3 28.5%
Denver, CO Tesla Model 3 17.4%
Detroit, MI Tesla Model 3 25.3%
Fresno-Visalia, CA Tesla Model 3 38.1%
Grand Rapids-Kalamazoo, MI Chevrolet Bolt EV 17.0%
Greensboro-Winston Salem, NC Tesla Model 3 31.3%
Greenville-Spartanburg, SC Tesla Model 3 21.7%
Harrisburg-Lancaster-York, PA Tesla Model 3 20.2%
Hartford & New Haven, CT Tesla Model 3 17.4%
Houston, TX Tesla Model 3 31.7%
Indianapolis, IN Tesla Model 3 25.7%
Jacksonville, FL Tesla Model 3 37.8%
Kansas City, MO Tesla Model 3 23.5%
Las Vegas, NV Tesla Model 3 27.1%
Los Angeles, CA Tesla Model 3 36.3%
Louisville, KY Tesla Model 3 26.7%
Miami-Ft. Lauderdale, FL Tesla Model 3 30.1%
Milwaukee, WI Chevrolet Bolt EV 21.2%
Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN Tesla Model 3 28.4%
Nashville, TN Tesla Model 3 41.4%
New York, NY Tesla Model 3 24.9%
Norfolk-Portsmouth-Newport News,VA Tesla Model 3 27.2%
Oklahoma City, OK Tesla Model 3 26.6%
Orlando-Daytona Beach, FL Tesla Model 3 32.3%
Philadelphia, PA Tesla Model 3 29.2%
Phoenix, AZ Tesla Model 3 24.9%
Pittsburgh, PA Tesla Model 3 24.5%
Portland, OR Tesla Model 3 23.7%
Raleigh-Durham (Fayetteville), NC Tesla Model 3 25.0%
Sacramento-Stockton-Modesto, CA Tesla Model 3 33.0%
Salt Lake City, UT Tesla Model 3 23.2%
San Antonio, TX Tesla Model 3 27.2%
San Diego, CA Tesla Model 3 30.1%
San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA Tesla Model 3 28.1%
Seattle-Tacoma, WA Tesla Model 3 22.1%
St. Louis, MO Tesla Model 3 25.8%
Tampa-St Petersburg (Sarasota), FL Tesla Model 3 22.9%
Washington, DC (Hagerstown, MD) Tesla Model 3 31.1%
West Palm Beach-Ft. Pierce, FL Tesla Model 3 37.1%
The most popular used EV is the Tesla Model 3, which earns the distinction in 47 metro areas. The Chevrolet Bolt is the most popular in 2, while the Tesla Model Y is the most popular in one metro area.

If you’re interested in buying an electric vehicle, be sure to check out our list of the Best Electric Cars.

More from iSeeCars.com:

Methodology

iSeeCars.com analyzed over 200,000 used EV sales from a sample of over 18 million used car sales from 2023. Each EV model’s sales were calculated as a percentage of total EV sales in order to determine the top models by share. The data from the top 25 states with the greatest EV sales (as a percentage of total used car sales) was then further analyzed. Within each state, each EV model’s sales were again calculated as a percentage of state EV sales to determine the top three models by share.

About iSeeCars

 

iSeeCars.com is a data-driven car search and research company that helps shoppers find the best car deals by providing key insights and valuable resources, including the iSeeCars VIN Check report and Best Cars Rankings. iSeeCars has saved users over $414 million so far by applying big data analytics powered by over 25 billion (and growing) data points and using proprietary algorithms to objectively analyze, score and rank millions of new cars and used cars.